Orthodontic braces popularly called clips are worn to correct common dental problems such as crooked, crowded, spaced or proclined teeth. The treatment is carried out by specialists called Orthodontists.
HOW DO BRACES WORK?
Braces exert constant but controlled pressure on teeth. This gentle pressure gradually moves the teeth to a more favourable and desired position.
IDEAL AGE TO UNDERGO BRACES TREATMENT
In an ideal world, every child should have a consultation with an orthodontist as early as 6 to 8 years of age. The permanent teeth begin to erupt into the mouth during this period. The orthodontist will be able to assess the position of the child’s teeth and can predict any potential problems in the future. The doctor may suggest some simple treatment choices to avoid any major braces corrections at a later date.
Generally, the best time to do the braces treatment is 12 to 15 years of age, when the treatment progress would be faster. However, adults can also undergo braces treatment depending on the underlying bone support to their teeth. If the quality of underlying bone support to the teeth is good, then there is no age bar for orthodontics.
DURATION OF BRACES TREATMENT
The period for which clips needed to be worn varies between individuals. In general, an average period of 18 to 24 months is to be expected. The younger the individual the shorter the duration.
DIFFERENT TYPES OF BRACES
There are different types of braces such as metal braces, ceramic or tooth-coloured braces and invisible braces.
WHAT HAPPENS DURING APPOINTMENTS?
The dentist will make necessary records such as photographs, x rays and models of teeth to finalize the treatment plan. Following this, the braces are fixed to the teeth. Monthly follow up appointments are mandatory and the most important aspect of braces treatment. During these follow-up appointments, the orthodontist checks the position of teeth and do some minor adjustments such as tightening, changing of elastics and wires etc.
BENEFITS OF BRACES TREATMENT
Misaligned teeth lead to inefficient cleaning of teeth which in effect leads to gum diseases and loose or shaky teeth. Perfectly aligned teeth also improve the smile, facial esthetics and self-confidence in every individual.